The Lichens of Wales website aims to bring together in one place diverse sources of information related to the conservation of lichens in Wales.
Many of these environments, and the lichens they host, are threatened by mans' activities - air pollution from industry, traffic and intensive farming; felling of wayside trees to make way for new roads or straightening of existing ones; insensitive reclamation of old metal mines; etc.
To help determine which species are most at risk (and therefore most in need of protection) a Lichen Red List for Wales has been produced. In addition, the Welsh Government, as required by Section 42 of the Natural Environment and Communities (NERC) Act 2006 , has published lists of species and habitats "of principal importance for the purpose of conserving biodiversity" in Wales (the so-called "Section 42 Lists"). 67 lichens, and two lichen communities, are included on the species list. Detailed accounts of most of these are provided on this website.
In 2009, Ray Woods for PlantLink Cymru produced a "Strategy and action plan for the conservation of lower plants and fungi in Wales". This provides a clear framework for the conservation of lichens in Wales.
Many people in Wales are working towards the conservation of our lichens, including staff at the Countryside Council for Wales, Plantlife Cymru, The National Museum of Wales, Welsh Wildlife Trusts and many others. We hope this website will prove a useful resource to assist in that work.